International Phonetic Alphabet: Consonants



Sound 1: /n/

To produce this sounds touch your upper palate with the tip of your tongue to close off the air flow. After you start blowing the air out, lower your tongue a bit to produce this sound.

woman

country

knife

funny

son

Sound 2: /ŋ/

To produce this sound, put the back of your tongue to the top of your mouth to stop the air from coming out, and let the air come out through your nose.

strong

function

sing

monkey

uncle

Sound 3: /l/

To produce this sound, the tip of your tongue should touch the tooth ridge, and air should pass on the sides of the tongue.

light

level

cold

slow

milk

Sound 4: /r/

To produce this sound, the tip of your tongue should be curved towards the back. Then, move your tongue to a relaxed position and move your jaw down a little.

right

wrong

sorry

relax

rest

Sound 5: /h/

To produce this sound, make a small gap at the back of your mouth by lifting the back of your tongue towards the top of your mouth.

hello

head

alcohol

hear

hand

Sound 6: /f/

To produce this sound, place your top teeth on your bottom lip, and push air through the gap.

friend

enough

different

find

phrase

Sound 7: /g/

To produce this sound, the back of your tongue should touch the top of your mouth to stop air. Then, move the back of your tongue away from the top of your mouth to release air. You produce this sound using your throat.

green

egg

begin

ghost

dialogue

Sound 8: /k/

To produce this sound, the back of your tongue should touch the top of your mouth to stop air. Then, move the back of your tongue away from the top of your mouth to release air. You don't produce this sound using your throat.

kick

lucky

click

coat

like

Sound 9: /v/

To produce this sound, place your top teeth on your bottom lip, and push air through the gap. You use your throat when producing this sound.

valley

vegetable

active

level

believe

Sound 10: /w/

To produce this sound, round your lips and push them a bit forward. Then, relax your lips as you are producing this sound.

wet

swing

white

sweet

queen

Sound 11: /p/

To produce this sound, first you need to close your lips, then open them to release air. This sound is produced with a puff of air from your mouth, like an explosion.

pack

play

copy

happen

pip

Sound 12: /b/

To produce this sound, first you need to close your lips, then open them to release air. This sound is produced without a puff of air, and it is produced with a voice from the throat.

bag

hobby

symbol

ball

job

Sound 13: /d/

To produce this sound, the tip of your tongue should touch your tooth ridge to stop air. Then, move your tongue away from the tooth ridge to release air. This sound is produced with a voice from the throat.

day

daddy

load

odd

idea

Sound 14: /t/

To produce this sound, the tip of your tongue should touch your tooth ridge to stop air. Then, move your tongue away from the tooth ridge to release air. There is no voice from the throat when making this sound, only a small explosion of air when the tongue moves from the ridge.

true

button

doctor

bet

stop

Sound 15: /z/

To produce this sound, place the tip of your tongue near your tooth ridge, and push the air through the gap. It should sound like the noise of a bee. Use your voice to produce this sound.

zero

music

lazy

business

rise

Sound 16: /s/

To produce this sound, place your tongue near your tooth ridge, and push air through the gap. It should produce a hissing sound, like the noise a snake makes. You should not use your voice to produce this sound.

song

kiss

listen

price

circle

Sound 17: /m/

To produce this sound, close your lips to stop air from coming out, and let air come out of your nose.

make

money

machine

system

smile

Sound 18: /j/

To produce this sound, make a small gap at the top of your mouth. Then, move your tongue down to open the gap, and move your jaw down a little.

yellow

use

beauty

cue

few

Sound 19: /θ/

To produce this sound, place your tongue between your top and bottom teeth and push the air out. This sound is voiceless and you don't produce it using your throat.

thin

healthy

breath

author

through

Sound 20: /ð/

To produce this sound, place your tongue between your top and bottom teeth and push the air out. This sound is voiced and you produce it with your throat.

this

weather

brother

breathe

though

Sound 21: /tʃ/

To produce this sound, your tongue should touch the tooth ridge to stop air. Then, move your tongue behind the tooth ridge to release air. This sound is produced with no voice from the throat.

teacher

church

match

chair

much