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Tenses in English

The Tenses of the English language often causes the most confusion amongst students.

For more details and examples have a look at the individual posts with regards to each of the twelve tenses in English. In this post we have simplified it.

To determine which tense should be used, ask a question and then see what information is required.

For example: Question: Do you work?

SIMPLE when?

CONTINUOUS at what time?

PERFECT by what time?

PERFECT CONTINUOUS since what time/how long?

Present simple: I do (usually, often, always) I work every day

Present continuous: I am doing(now) I am working now

Present perfect: I have done (never, ever, just, already) I have already worked

Present perfect continuous: I have been doing(since/for)I have been working since yesterday

Past simple: I did (yesterday, last year, long ago) I worked yesterday

Past continuous: I was doing (yesterday at 3pm) I was working yesterday at 3pm

Past perfect: I had done (yesterday by 3pm) I had worked by 3pm

Past perfect continuous: I had been doing I had been working since 3pm

(yesterday since/for)

Future simple: I will do (tomorrow, next week) I will work tomorrow

Future continuous: I will be doing (tomorrow at 3pm) I will be working tomorrow at 3pm

Future perfect: I will have done (tomorrow by 3pm) I will have worked tomorrow by 3pm

Future perfect continuous: I will have been doing I will have been working for 6 hours

(tomorrow since/for)

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